Aaj dekhenge ki computer ka aviskar kisne kiya ? Aapko pata hona chahiye ki computer kisne banaya ya computer ki khoj kisne ke.



Aapne computer kai baar use kiya hoga, in fact, computer course se le kar IT graduate bhi honge. Par maximum logon ko pata hi nahi ki computer kab, kaise aur kisne banaya tha. Aaj hum janenge ki computer ka aviskar kisne kiya ya yun keh lo ki iska khoj kisne kiya.


Computer Ka Aviskar Kisne Kiya


ye baat theek hai ki aaj aap janna chahte ho ki computer kisne banaya. Par kya aap jaante ho computer kya hota hai? Nahi ya haan aap decide kar lo, kyunki hum to batayenge hi.

Can read: Software Kaise Banate Hai ? Janiye Paise kamane ke asaan tarike.

Computer kisne banaya Se pehle Definition

Ji haan, computer kisne banaya ya computer ka nirman kisne kiya? Ye sab jaanne se pehle ye janna bhi jaruri hai ki computer hota kya hai? “ Computer ek device hai jo hardware aur software ke combination se banta hai.” Bas choti si definition thi iski. Baaki dusre tarike se samjho to computer aaj kal har kisi ko ata hai. Kyunki :

  • Job karna hai to computer ana chahiye.
  • Business karna hai to computer ana chahiye.
  • Internet use karna hai to computer ana chahiye.



Can read: Mobile Kya hota hai, Mobile Se Paise Kaise Kamaye ?

Agar aap business man ho aur computer ko operate nahi karna jante to kai mails ya online transaction aap na kar paoge aur na hi check kar paoge. Isliye to kehte hain ki:

“ Computer ata hai to khali kyun baitha hai”.

Computer ka aviskar kisne kiya

Ab hum dekhenge ki computer ka aviskar kisne kiya. Ya keh lo computer ke nirman ke baad kya kya changes huye aur kis kis ne kiye.

First Computing Device

Pehla computer ka aviskar kisne kiya ? Ye hi sawaal tha na aapka? To suno, pehla computing device jisne banaya tha uska naam hai Charles Babbage .Jo ki ek English mechanical engineer aur polymath the. Isliye unhe father of the Computer kehte hain. Unhone 19th century ki shuruwat mein hi Pehle computer ka aviskar kiya tha, jo ki Differential engine wala Mechanical computer tha. Jo Navigational calculation karne mein help karta tha.

Can read: Facebook Se Paise Kaise Kamaye ? Janiye Computer ka Aviskar ke Fayde.

Baad me 1833 mein unhe laga ki design mein kuch aur sudhar kiya ja sakta hai. Jaise ke:

  • Input of programs – iske liye unhone punched cards ka use kiya.
  • Output ke liye – Iske liye printer, curved plotter aur bell ka use hua.
  • Punch numbers – Machine number bhi punch kar sake cards par. Esa bhi socha gaya.



Ye ek analytical engine tha jiska har part hand made tha. Jo ki uss waqt ke british government ko feasiable nahi laga aur unhone project ko dissolved kar diya.

Analog computer

Aapko pata hai, pehle analog computer ki khoj kisne ki ? Jo pehla modern analog computer bana tha wo banaya gaya tha Tide-predicting machine. Iss analog computer ki khoj kisne ki pata hai? Sir William Thomson ne wo bhi 1872 mein.

Can read: Dollar Kamane ka Tarika wo bhi Computer se.

Baad mein 1876 mein James Thomson ne differential analyzer banaya. Jo ki ek mechanical analog computer tha jo differential equations ko solve karne mein helpful tha.

Sunehra daur analog computer ka aya 1927 mein. Jab H.L. Hazen aur Vannevar Bush ne differential analyzer ko aur strong banaya torque amplifiers aur dusre devices ko use karke.

1950 ke aate aate analog computer ka use hona kam ho gaya tha. Kyunki digital electronic computers introduced ho gaye the.

Note: Phir bhi kuch specialized applications jaise education ke control system or aircraft ke slide rule mein analog computers ka use hota tha.

Can read: Whatsapp Se Paise Kaise Kamaye ?

Digital Computer

Electromechanical

1938 mein United states Navy ne ek electromechanical analog computer develop kiya jo ki akar mein chota tha. Ye aasani se submarine mein use kiya ja sakta tha. Iska naam Torpedo Data computer rakha gaya. Jo moving target par fire karne mein help karta tha.

Note: World Ward 2 mein bahut se countries ne isko banana sikh liya tha.

In electromechanical computers ko electric switches se chalate the. Jo mechanical relays ko banayega aur phir calculation part hota tha. Aur ye bahut slow bhi hota tha.

Can read : Essay writing se Dhan, Paise Kamane ka tarika.

Baad mein Vacuum tubes ko use karke faster electric computers banaya gaya. 1939 mein German engineer Konrad Zuse ne Z2 naam ka electromechanical relay computer banaya.

Phir 1941 mein, Zuse ne Z3 banaya jo ki duniya ka pehla fully automatic digital computer tha.

Vacuum tubes and digital electronic units

U.S mein, John Vincent Atanasoff aur Clifford E. berry ne Atanasoff-Berry-Computer (ABC) naam ka pehla automatic electronic digital computer banaya 1942 mein. Ye designed by all-electronic tha aur isme 300 vacuum tubes ke karib use huye the. Sath mein capacitors ka bhi use hua tha rotating drum mein, memory ke liye.

Phir 1940 mein, Colossus aya jo ki pehla electronic digital programmable computer tha. Ise max newman aur unke colleagues ne banaya tha.Ye computer alag alag tarah ke Boolean logical operations ko perform karta tha.

Can read: Ghar Baithe Paise Kaise Kamaye ?

Modern Computers

Modern computer the concept laya gaya tha Alan Turing ke dwara 1936 mein. Jise unhone naam diya tha Universal Computing Machine. Jisko hum Universal Turing Machine bhi kehte hain.

Unhone prove kiya ki machine kuch bhi compute kar sakta hai, agar wo computable hai to. Iske liye executing instructions stored rehna chahiye tape par. Jiski wajah se machine programmable ban sake.

First Desktop Personal Computer

Ab batao kisne pehla desktop computer banaya ? Sabse pehla desktop personal computer jo tha wo Italian company ne banaya tha jo ki bahut costly tha. Company ka naam Olivetti tha jo 1964 mein mehnge rate par computer deta tha.

Phir 1985 mein, colorful 32 bit computer aya. Ise Atari corporation ne banaya tha. Phir ese hi kai changes huye aur aaj ki date mein Laptop, palmtop, mobile, tablet aur jaane kya kya ban gaya hai.

Sabse achchi baat ahi pehle ke mukable ye ab saste daamo mein milta hai. Doston, umeed hai ki ab aap jaan gaye honge ki Computer ka aviskar kisne kiya.

Conclusion

Humne abhi abhi dekha ki Computer ka aviskar kisne kiya. Balki ye keh lo ki computer ki khoj kisne aur kab kab ki. Kyunki computer kisne banaya jaruri nahi hai ki ek hi aadmi ho. Kai dashko tak iska nirman ya keh le advance level ata chala gaya.

Can read: Website, Blog Se Paise Kaise Kamaye ?

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Computer Ka Aviskar Kisne Kiya,Banaya, Khoj Kisne Ki
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